When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully created by veterans of this particular writing process. Instead of just listing and summarizing items, do I assess them, discussing strengths and weaknesses?
Writing Your Literature Review Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section.
What sources have they cited to support their conclusions? Getting started Our topic was caspase substrates, a diverse group of proteins essential for programmed cell death and thus important to our understanding of how to kill cancer cells.
However, progression of time may still be an important factor in a thematic review. The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint.
Structure and Writing Style I.
Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.
Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction.
To be honest, I was excited to have this opportunity to examine the literature in depth and to create something useful out of it. Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view a literature is not a series of annotated articles.
Definitions of key terms and concepts. As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. Usually you will have the option of grouping items into sections—this helps you indicate comparisons and relationships.
Search the Web of Science [a.
Some questions to ask: The analytical features of a literature review might: Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. A Step-by-Step Guide for Students. Narrowing the scope of the article to conform to these boundaries was perhaps the biggest challenge of this process.
Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e. Ask yourself questions like these about each book or article you include: Here are examples of other sections you may need to include depending on the type of review you write: Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment sometimes in the form of an annotated bibliography—see the bottom of the next pagebut more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis.
However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. This was advice my adviser gave me about a month before the due date, when he could tell that my brain and my PDF library were so overflowing with data that I was struggling with actually producing any text.
Redefine your topic if needed: What methodologies do they use? Consider the following issues before writing the literature review: On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed.
Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Definitions of key terms and concepts.
This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences where research conducted becomes obsolete very quickly as new discoveries are made. However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below].
Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. Have I critically analysed the literature I use? Sort through other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects.
Research methods Summary of research results Step 6:Impose some structure on the mess that is the scientific literature. I developed a strategy for each research topic that I wanted to review (including the broad survey section in the first half and the vignette sections in the second half).
Dec 08, · How to Write an Article Review Three Parts: Preparing to Write Your Review Writing the Article Review Sample Article Reviews Community Q&A An article review is both a summary and an evaluation of another writer's article%(). • to synthesize literature • to identify research gaps and recommend new research areas How long is a review article?
Review articles vary considerably in length. Narrative reviews may range between 8, and drives the article and not the literature used; write an idea-driven, rather than literature-driven article!
Conclusions. A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
Introduction. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g. dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work.
The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic. A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period. Why do we write literature reviews? If you have limited time to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone.